Guide to composting at home

Turning your rubbish into something useful is about as basic as sustainable living gets. But how do you get to grips with composting? Why would you want a worm farm? And what on earth is Bokashi?

composting at home

The basics of composting

Making your own garden compost is easy, it’s cheap, it’s good for the environment and it reaps free rewards. Almost all organic household and garden waste can go on a compost heap. The resulting compost is jam-packed with nutrients for the garden soil. Composting is made easier, faster and tidier with a compost bin, such as the Tumbleweed Compost Bin.


Clean Up Australia explains that composting needs four things to work well:

Nitrogen: green ingredients, such as kitchen scraps, lawn clippings, weeds
Carbon: brown ingredients, like autumn leaves, branches, hedge clippings
Oxygen: provided by regularly turning the compost
Water: the compost heap should be moist, but not sodden
The only things you shouldn’t compost are meat and dairy products, animal manure, bones, fat, diseased plants, metals, plastic and glass.

What is Bokashi?

Bokashi is a fermentation process that turns kitchen waste into soil fertiliser.  A Japanese term that means “fermented organic matter”, the Bokashi composting method uses fermented wheat bran to pickle food waste and help it compost quicker without foul odours.

Kitchen scraps of almost every kind can go into Bokashi buckets: fruit and vegetables, cooked or uncooked meat and fish, cheese, bread, tea bags, coffee grinds – even wilted flowers and tissues. Bokashi Composting Australia sells the Bokashi One Bucket, into which you throw kitchen waste, layered with the Bokashi One Mix, a combination of wheat bran and rice husks infused with EM (Effective Micro-organisms).
Why a worm farm?
Setting up a worm farm is the next step in an eco-friendly garden, once you’ve got your composter up and running.

Living Greener explains that a worm farm is another way to turn organic waste into nutrient-rich fertiliser. The worms eat the waste and turn it into liquid fertiliser and worm castings, both of which are great for the garden and pot plants.  Note that worm liquid can replace fertiliser, but it must be diluted until it’s the colour of weak tea.
Starting a worm farm
You can’t, however, just dig up a few worms from your back yard and expect them to get to work producing “worm tea”. The recommended worm types for a farm are Red Wrigglers, Indian Blues and Tiger Worms. Commercial worm growers or a local nursery will sell worms, usually by the thousand – you need between 1,000 and 2,000 to start the farm.

The easiest way to start your farm is to buy a container for it, such as the Can-O-Worms.  Once the worm farm is set up, position it in a shady spot – direct sunlight is not recommended.

Roofing Options and the Costs Involved

Having a roof over your head is essential. It is in good condition more so! Beyond its type and its features, it is also your taste that will influence the choice of the future roof of your home. Like the classic style tiles or slates? Or you rather opt for a green roof or roof terrace? Aussie Roofing, a roof restoration company based in Melbourne, specialising in leaking roof repairs have prepared the bel;ow content to helping assisting you on selecting the right roofing type for you property.

roof-repairBoth are very beautiful visually, but completely different. Whether renovation or construction, the first thing to do is to learn about things possible and which are prohibited. So you will not get up and discovering that your dream flat roof or tiles to specific colours cannot be implemented.

Tiled roof

The tiled roofs are most common. Their advantages are numerous: they demonstrate strength of durability and aesthetics. Some tiles are flat, other shaped semicircular interlocking or without interlocking.

You can find traditional tiles, Roman tiles, the roof tiles, Roman tiles, large mold or mold small tiles … Our article on the tiles can enlighten you about your future choices.

Still, it will be determined by the regulations in your area and in your area. Take time to talk with your roofer if you have one and make a visit to your Mayor!

Slate roofs

The slate  is a carrier material that resists time and the elements. It is considered that its lifetime is greater than 100 years. With a beautiful aesthetic slate is resistant foam but can rust. Its colour ranges from black to bluish black.
We find this type of roof mainly Pays de Loire, Brittany, in the Ardennes and in Paris. A slate roof provides good insulation and is recyclable.

Before making his choice of slate, we must s’ information from local authorities , such as the town hall of your place of residence, the regulations do not always allow the installation of a slate roof.

Finally, be aware that the slate remains fragile and it is not possible to walk on.
The installation of a slate roof is a complex operation. To call on specialists roofing slate is essential.

Metal roofing

The metal roofs are made of copper, zinc, lead or aluminium. The zinc is widespread. It is an acclaimed material, because it is very durable, waterproof and foam are not proliferating. Several solutions are possible, roofing zinc in steel pan, everything depends on your taste and opportunities related to the regulation.

Its maintenance is easy, it is lightweight and has a good life. The metal is a material that adapts to both roofs small slope as roofs steep , and for all types of architecture. His pose can be technical depending on the chosen solution, the Professional intervention is recommended that if you opt for this type of roof.

Roof terrace

The roof terrace is composed of a single slope. If it is available (and safe thanks to a railing or wall), it is possible to accommodate a sitting area, install a garden furniture, chairs, and decorate with plants.  Not accessible, it is not possible to consider it as a leisure terrace.
His ground can be made up of gravel , a yoke with tile for example, or plant (thin with a green lawn or a soil layer below 30 cm for planting a lawn).

Roof shingle

The shingle is a flexible material consisting of glass fiber covered with bitumen. Both sides of the fiberglass surface is covered, and a finishing material made of black or colored granules is the final key.
The shingle looks like slate. It is suitable for any type of slope. A roofing shingle is less expensive than other types of roofing, and is fire resistant.
Its disadvantage is its longevity, because the roof needs to be redone later than every 25 years (and it is a great max!).The roof is generally used for a garage, a garden shed, an outbuilding, a storage hut. We advise you to hire professionals for its installation or removal.

Wooden roofs

After a slump, the wooden roof reappears and gaining momentum. It is a durable material, ecological, light and insulating cover his house. This kind of roof is widespread in the South-west valleys. It is made of wooden tiles, class 3 and 4, rot-proof, deemed to resist to large temperature fluctuations. Wooden roofs cost the same as a roof tile or slate of good quality. It is now possible to put a wooden roof on a traditional construction, such as concrete.